int32位 posted @ Oct 09, 2014 10:05:34 AM in python , 2966 阅读

python中调用a.xx,内部就是a.__getattr__(xx)或者getattr(a, xx),而a.xx(),其中xx实现了__call__()方法,即调用了getattr(a, xx)()。


class Test:
	def __init__(self): = 5
	def get(self):
		print("getting ...")
	def update(self):
		print("updating ...")
	def delete(self):
		print("deleting ...")
class Wapper:
	def __init__(self, backend = None):
		self.backend = backend
	def __getattr__(self, key):
		return getattr(self.backend, key)
if __name__ == "__main__":
	test = Test()
	wapper = Wapper(backend = test)


from nova.openstack.common.db import api as db_api
_BACKEND_MAPPING = {'sqlalchemy': 'nova.db.sqlalchemy.api'}
IMPL = db_api.DBAPI(backend_mapping=_BACKEND_MAPPING)
def compute_node_get_all(context, no_date_fields=False):
    """Get all computeNodes.

    :param context: The security context
    :param no_date_fields: If set to True, excludes 'created_at', 'updated_at',
                           'deteled_at' and 'deleted' fields from the output,
                           thus significantly reducing its size.
                           Set to False by default

    :returns: List of dictionaries each containing compute node properties,
              including corresponding service and stats
    return IMPL.compute_node_get_all(context, no_date_fields)


class DBAPI(object):
    def __init__(self, backend_mapping=None):
        if backend_mapping is None:
            backend_mapping = {}
        self.__backend = None
        self.__backend_mapping = backend_mapping

    @lockutils.synchronized('dbapi_backend', 'nova-')
    def __get_backend(self):
        """Get the actual backend.  May be a module or an instance of
        a class.  Doesn't matter to us.  We do this synchronized as it's
        possible multiple greenthreads started very quickly trying to do
        DB calls and eventlet can switch threads before self.__backend gets
        if self.__backend:
            # Another thread assigned it
            return self.__backend
        backend_name = CONF.database.backend
        self.__use_tpool = CONF.database.use_tpool
        if self.__use_tpool:
            from eventlet import tpool
            self.__tpool = tpool
        # Import the untranslated name if we don't have a
        # mapping.
        backend_path = self.__backend_mapping.get(backend_name,
        backend_mod = importutils.import_module(backend_path)
        self.__backend = backend_mod.get_backend()
        return self.__backend

    def __getattr__(self, key):
        backend = self.__backend or self.__get_backend()
        attr = getattr(backend, key)
        if not self.__use_tpool or not hasattr(attr, '__call__'):
            return attr

        def tpool_wrapper(*args, **kwargs):
            return self.__tpool.execute(attr, *args, **kwargs)

        functools.update_wrapper(tpool_wrapper, attr)
        return tpool_wrapper


def compute_node_get_all(context, no_date_fields):

    # NOTE(msdubov): Using lower-level 'select' queries and joining the tables
    #                manually here allows to gain 3x speed-up and to have 5x
    #                less network load / memory usage compared to the sqla ORM.

    engine = get_engine()

    # Retrieve ComputeNode, Service, Stat.
    compute_node = models.ComputeNode.__table__
    service = models.Service.__table__
    stat = models.ComputeNodeStat.__table__

    with engine.begin() as conn:
        redundant_columns = set(['deleted_at', 'created_at', 'updated_at',
                                 'deleted']) if no_date_fields else set([])

        def filter_columns(table):
            return [c for c in table.c if not in redundant_columns]

        compute_node_query = select(filter_columns(compute_node)).\
                                where(compute_node.c.deleted == 0).\
        compute_node_rows = conn.execute(compute_node_query).fetchall()

        service_query = select(filter_columns(service)).\
                            where((service.c.deleted == 0) &
                                  (service.c.binary == 'nova-compute')).\
        service_rows = conn.execute(service_query).fetchall()

        stat_query = select(filter_columns(stat)).\
                        where(stat.c.deleted == 0).\
        stat_rows = conn.execute(stat_query).fetchall()

    # NOTE(msdubov): Transferring sqla.RowProxy objects to dicts.
    stats = [dict(proxy.items()) for proxy in stat_rows]

    # Join ComputeNode & Service manually.
    services = {}
    for proxy in service_rows:
        services[proxy['id']] = dict(proxy.items())

    compute_nodes = []
    for proxy in compute_node_rows:
        node = dict(proxy.items())
        node['service'] = services.get(proxy['service_id'])


    # Join ComputeNode & ComputeNodeStat manually.
    # NOTE(msdubov): ComputeNode and ComputeNodeStat map 1-to-Many.
    #                Running time is (asymptotically) optimal due to the use
    #                of iterators (itertools.groupby() for ComputeNodeStat and
    #                iter() for ComputeNode) - we handle each record only once.
    compute_nodes.sort(key=lambda node: node['id'])
    compute_nodes_iter = iter(compute_nodes)
    for nid, nsts in itertools.groupby(stats, lambda s: s['compute_node_id']):
        for node in compute_nodes_iter:
            if node['id'] == nid:
                node['stats'] = list(nsts)
                node['stats'] = []

    return compute_nodes


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